The Internet of Things (IoT) continues to grow rapidly and with it the demand for reliable, long-range connectivity for smart devices. That’s where cellular LPWAN (Low Power Wide Area Network) comes in. In this article, we’ll explore what cellular LPWAN is and how it’s being used in the IoT to enable innovative, connected applications on a massive scale.
Cellular LPWAN is a wireless network technology that enables smart object connectivity over large geographical areas, using existing cellular networks. Unlike traditional cell phone networks designed for smartphones, cellular LPWAN is specifically optimized for IoT devices requiring low power consumption and low-speed data transmission.
Cellular LPWAN uses radio frequencies dedicated to IoT devices. Telecom operators allocate specific resources for LPWAN communications, enabling robust and extensive connectivity. Cellular LPWAN technology offers long-range coverage, meaning devices can be deployed over vast territories without the need for costly additional infrastructure.
Cellular LPWAN uses existing cellular infrastructures, offering near-universal coverage. This enables IoT devices to operate efficiently even in rural and remote areas.
Low energy consumption
IoT devices connected via cellular LPWAN are designed for low-power operation, which extends the battery life of the connected devices.
Cellular LPWAN enables a large number of IoT devices to be connected simultaneously, making it an ideal solution for massive deployments and applications requiring large-scale connectivity.
The cellular networks used by cellular LPWAN offer high levels of security, guaranteeing the confidentiality of data exchanged between IoT devices and management platforms.
Cellular technologies for the IoT include NB-IoT and LTE-M (LTE Cat-M1). These two technologies have been standardised by 3GPP.
These cellular technologies offer robust, scalable connectivity for large-scale IoT. It’s important to note that the choice between NB-IoT, LTE-M and other LPWAN options depends on the specific requirements of each IoT application. Some use cases may require low power consumption and long-range connectivity, while others may require higher data rates and bidirectional connectivity. Companies and developers need to carefully assess their needs before choosing the LPWAN technology best suited to their application.